The Green Cotton Project

Locations of the Green Cotton Project

By the means of a close collaboration between the Indian organic cotton organisation bioRe India and chetna organics, with respectively 4300 and 1200 smallholder farmers, as well as the University Dharwad and the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), a decentralized cotton breeding is build. This cotton breeding aims to stay genetic-free and consistent with the needs of ecological and low-input cultivation.

During an innovative and transdisciplinary approach, smallholder farmers, breeders, researchers, cultivation advisors, spinning and textile companies are integrated into the process and actively participating from the beginning.

Vorbereitung von Handkreuzungen
Preparation for hand crossing

The main goal of the coordinated cooperation is to enable smallholder farmers to cover their seed demands for a sustainable production of organic cotton and thus re-establish and increase the organic cultivation sites in India. In the long-term smallholder farmers should once more establish their seed sovereignty.

On-farm selection

The Green Cotton Project started in 2013 and resumed directly at the work in the seed sector between bioRe India, the University Dharwad and FiBL, which started in 2011. Due to the financial support from the Corymbo foundation, Tina Roner was able to build up important capacities during her Master thesis about participatory cotton breeding at bioRe India in 2011/12. Continuing in 2012/13, the main focus has been put on the establishment of On-Station varieties trials to identify the main cotton varieties that are suitable for organic cultivation (financed by the Corymbo foundation and bioRe foundation). In addition to the variety testing under local conditions, the Green Cotton Project also breeds new varieties.

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